Grove Header- White.png
Play Live Radio
Next Up:
Available On Air Stations

New York's surplus will ease Gov. Hochul's first state budget address

Gov. Hochul Rochester Speech
Mike Groll/Mike Groll/Office of Governor Kathy Hochul
Gov. Hochul will give her budget address Tuesday, outlining priorities including tax breaks, childcare assistance, health care pay, and other things.

New York Governor Kathy Hochul is expected to provide details on some ambitious spending programs announced earlier this month, when she gives her budget address Tuesday. Budget watchdogs are warning, though, that the governor should also be ready for potential economic downturns in an uncertain time.

Hochul begins her first budget season with plenty of cash on hand, due to better than expected sales and income tax collections, and generous federal aid packages during the COVID-19 pandemic. It’s an advantage her immediate predecessors, Andrew Cuomo and David Paterson did not have. They began their terms with multi-billion-dollar deficits and prescriptions for fiscal austerity.

State Comptroller Tom DiNapoli issues a monthly report on the state’s finances.

“She’s in an enviable position,” DiNapoli said.

The comptroller found the state took in $12.9 billion more dollars in revenues than initially predicted during the first nine months of the fiscal year. He says part of that is due to tax increases on the wealthy enacted last spring. Also, economic activity has been stronger than expected.

“We have had a better revenue stream in recent months than any of us would have anticipated going back over a year ago,” the Comptroller said. “Certainly, even going back to April when the current budget was put in place.”

Hochul Delivers Budget Message at 11:00; Listen Live on 88.3 FM or at

Hochul, in her State of the State message January 5th, said she’d like to spend $10 billion on a multi-year plan to support health care workers, including $4 billion in wage increases and bonuses to attract and retain health care professionals.

“A once in a lifetime pandemic demands a once in a life time response,” Hochul said calling it the “largest investment in health care in the state’s history. … That’s why I’m setting an ambitious goal to grow our health care workforce by 20% over the next five years.”

Hochul also proposed a $1 billion property tax rebate, the acceleration of a phased-in middle class tax cut, and tax breaks for small businesses. She also promised to continue a court-ordered commitment to add billions of dollars per year in spending to the state’s poorest schools.

Budget watchdog groups say the governor should also include plans for better fiscal management. The Citizens Budget Commission’s Patrick Orecki says that includes contributing more to the state’s chronically low rainy-day fund, cutting New York’s highest in the nation income taxes, and preparing for the inevitable next economic downturn.

“It’s a great opportunity for the state,” said Orecki. “We know that at some point a more typical recession will happen. The state has been chronically inadequately prepared.”

Orecki says the governor should keep a close eye on the extra school aid spending, to make sure it is used wisely. And he says Hochul should also reign in economic development programs which have under-delivered on promised job creation.

Hochul is also facing pressure to spend more on some programs. She’s proposed aid to up to 100,000 families to help pay for child care, but some state lawmakers say the state’s child care system is broken, and it needs a much greater investment.

Orecki says the governor should resist pressure to overspend. He says the state is already facing a “fiscal cliff” in 2025, when the federal pandemic relief money runs out.

“What does the budget look like in fiscal year 2026 and thereafter, without that federal aid?” he asked.

Comptroller DiNapoli agrees. He says there are still a lot of unknowns in the economy, including rising inflation and how much longer the pandemic will last.

“The temptation will be though , we’ve seen this before, to make commitments on spending, not just for when we know we have the money for now, but down the road when we have a lot of uncertainties,” said DiNapoli.

He says he does not want to see the state end up with another big budget deficit again.

Karen DeWitt is Capitol Bureau Chief for New York State Public Radio, a network of 10 public radio stations in New York State. She has covered state government and politics for the network since 1990. She is also a regular contributor to the statewide public television program about New York State government, New York Now. She appears on the reporter’s roundtable segment and interviews newsmakers. Karen previously worked for WINS Radio, New York, and has written for numerous publications, including Adirondack Life and the Albany newsweekly Metroland.